Clicky

Most recent
 Bovine TB in GB. Latest SAM data, maps and older VETNET data.
Added or updated 4 days ago
PDF icon Wildlife management and zoonotic infections. A one day symposium held at The Royal Society of Medicine, London on 17 November 2010.
Added or updated 5 days ago
 Gassing of badger setts
Added or updated 6 days ago
PDF icon Badgers prefer cattle pasture but avoid cattle: implications for bovine tuberculosis control. R Woodroffe et al. Ecology Letters. 2016.
Added or updated one week ago
PDF icon Programme for the eradication of bovine Tuberculosis, bovine Brucellosis or sheep and goat Brucellosis (B. melitensis) for obtaining EU cofinancing. Submitted by the Republic of Ireland on 28th May 2015.
Added or updated 3 weeks ago
 Accuracy of the TB test for cattle
Added or updated 4 weeks ago
 Did culling affect TB infection in badgers?
Added or updated 4 weeks ago
PDF icon Post-mortem Examination of TB Reactors (R), Inconclusive Reactors (IRs) and Direct Contacts (DCs): PRELIMINARY RESULTS
Added or updated 4 weeks ago
 An example of how badger culling in the UK is being cast in a negative light
Added or updated one month ago
PDF icon Standard requirements for the submission of programme for eradication, control and monitoring. Submitted 21 Sep 2016 by Rosanne Greene of DAFM of the Irish Republic to the European Commission.
Added or updated one month ago
PDF icon Ireland to be bovine TB free by 2030 under new Government plans - FarmIreland.ie. @farm_ireland. May 10 2018 6:00 AM
Added or updated one month ago
PDF icon Differences between bovine TB indicators in the IAA and the Comparison Area. First six years, 1st May 2010 to 30th April 2016.
Added or updated 2 months ago
PDF icon Results of Badger Vaccination Modelling Report. 3 February 2016. Rebecca Evans, Deputy Minister for Farming and Food.
Added or updated 2 months ago
 Bovine TB in Ireland
Added or updated 2 months ago
PDF icon Badgers removed in the Irish Republic
Added or updated 2 months ago
 Does badger culling make economic sense?
Added or updated 2 months ago
PDF icon Bovine TB Eradication Programme IAA Vaccination Project - Year 4 Report
Added or updated 2 months ago
PDF icon Laboratory Analysis of TB Reactors (R) / Inconclusive Reactors (IRs) and Direct Contacts (DCs) to the Tuberculin Test. APHA. 12/04/2018.
Added or updated 2 months ago
 Data needed to achieve meaningful results in the 2013 badger culls
Added or updated 2 months ago
PDF icon Badger Culling in England By R Giesler et al. House of Commons Library. BRIEFING PAPER Number 6837, 12 April 2018.
Added or updated 2 months ago

Cost of levy to help fund TB control

Introduction

This page calculates what farmers will need to pay each year in order to fund a levy which covers a major share of the budget to control bovine TB in England. This budget includes costs due to testing, compensation, research & development, and administration. Another words it covers all costs associated with bovine TB control.

The reason why the cost of a major share is being calculated is because payment of such a share should give farmers priority when setting policy. Payment of a minor share will result in responsibility to set such policy remaining with government ministers who have a responsibility to allocate funds from the public purse.

Budgets

It would appear that total expenditure to control bovine TB in England for the financial years 2010/20111 and 2013/20142 was about £100 million pounds each year.

Number of cattle

The number of cattle and calves in England in 2013 was 5.4 million3.

The cost

In order to pay 55% of the current total cost of controlling TB in England each year, each farmer will need to pay about

£100,000,000 x 0.55 / 5,400,000 on each bovine each year.

This comes to about £10 on each bovine each year. This assumes no levy collection cost and no cost trimmings.

How does this compare with the cost of what farmers currently pay into the AHDB levy?

Cattle farmers (dairy, beef and lamb) currently pay about £22 million each year to the Agriculture and Horticulture Development Board (AHDB)4. The cost of collecting the levy ranges from about 0.5% to 2.5% of the amount collected5. Dairy producers currently pay 0.06p per litre of milk produced and beef farmers pay about £4 per head6.

What do other countries pay?

Regarding the AHDB levy, what does "per head" mean? According to Ref 7, New Zealand collects £6 on slaughtered adult cattle and about 0.5p per kg of milk solids. As such it would appear that the levy for New Zealand beef farmers is only applied to adult cattle when slaughtered. In Ireland too the levy is payable in respect of bovines slaughtered, and also bovines exported live9.

Collection of payment

One option for collection of payment would be to introduce an annual fee for cattle perhaps triggered by the holding of a current British Cattle Movement Service (BCMS) cattle passport.11 This would not only cater for native cattle but also cattle imported from within and outside the European Union. Unless payment is tied in with the annual release of Single Farm Payment, the disadvantage with this method over collecting payment when cattle are slaughtered or exported is that a payment system will need to be introduced directly onto farmers where one did not already exist. The advantage is that payments will be closely aligned to TB risk incurred and as such the burden of payment will be more evenly spread. TB control costs per animal are currently (Jan 2015) significantly higher in England and Wales than they are in New Zealand and the Irish Republic.

References

  1. Bovine TB: Expenditure for 2010/11 in England
  2. Bovine TB Control Costs for 2013. DEFRA. RFI 6505. Dated: 09 May 2014.
  3. Cattle and Calves dataset
  4. AHDB Corporate Plan 2014/17. Agriculture and Horticulture Development Board. April 2014.
  5. Effort targeted at controlling bovine TB and how such work is accountable to farmers. DairyCo, AHDB. Email dated: 30th July 2014.
  6. AHDB Levy Rates 01/04/14 to 31/03/15
  7. Defra drawing up plans for new national TB fund in England. Farmers Guardian. 31 January 2014. Alistair Driver.
  8. OPINION: Anthony Gibson discusses how paying the price may not bring control. Western Morning News. Posted: February 05, 2014.
  9. Responsibilty and Cost Sharing for Animal Health - Arrangements in certain other countries. DEFRA.
  10. TB levy could top £60/head. Farmers Weekly. Friday 30 April 2004.
  11. Cattle identification, registration and movement - Detailed guidance - GOV.UK. DEFRA. First published: 23 August 2012. Last updated: 12 November 2013.
Javascript is disabled